Visual perception is the ability to process information that you see. It’s common to have a visual perception delay when there is another sensory processing disorder present.

There are several aspects of visual perception, each of which can be individually delayed:

1. Visual discrimination: The ability to identify unique features such as color or shape

2. Visual attention: The ability to block out surrounding stimuli and only looking at the task at hand, such as reading the next word in a sentence rather than looking at all the other words on the page

3. Visual memory: The ability to remember things you’ve seen and apply that to new visual information

4. Figure-ground: The ability to focus on the subject rather than on the background

5. Visual closure: The ability to recognize an object without seeing the object in its entirety. For example, it would be the ability to recognize the form of  a doll even if it is partially hidden

6. Form constancy: The ability to identify an object regardless of its current state, such as understanding that an upside-down spoon is still a spoon

7. Spatial vision: The ability to notice how an object is positioned. This includes depth perception skills and being able to differentiate between the letters “b” and “d”